Lead systems: sensitivity and specificity.

I. L. Pina, R. A. Chahine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In this article, the modified 12-lead system and the bipolar lead systems are discussed, both of which may provide adequate sensitivity and specificity of stress tests for clinical purposes. A single lead V5 or, preferably, bipolar modification of lead V5 may be adequate in certain situations in which cost or the type of population being tested legitimizes such a choice. However, the modified 12-lead system is far more popular for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with ischemic heart disease. The final choice of lead system for monitoring stress tests will ultimately depend on the needs and resources of a given laboratory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalCardiology clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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