Iron, Copper, and Zinc

T. S. Dharmarajan, Srinivas Guptha Gunturu, C. S. Pitchumoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Iron, copper, and zinc are essential micronutrients responsible for various physiological functions. In this chapter, we are going to discuss epidemiology of iron deficiency, physiology of iron absorption, role of hepcidin, iron content in food, bioavailability of iron, symptoms and signs of iron deficiency, and its treatment with oral and parenteral formulations. Later, we are discussing copper and zinc functions, daily requirements, absorption, factors affecting bioavailability, iron-copper-zinc interactions, and symptoms and signs of their deficiencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Gastroenterology
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781441916235
ISBN (Print)9781441916228
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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