Inhibition of matrix-induced bone differentiation by advanced glycation end-products in rats

Y. Fong, D. Edelstein, E. A. Wang, M. Brownlee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Glycation of long-lived proteins is an inevitable consequence of aging that is accelerated in patients with diabetes mellitus. Treatment of demineralized bone matrix particles from 35-week-old normal Long-Evans rats with glycolaldehyde, a precursor of advanced glycation end-products, was used to assess the effects of bone-matrix glycation on the process of bone differentiation. Matrix was incubated in phosphate buffered saline alone, phosphate buffered saline containing glycolaldehyde, glycolaldehyde plus the advanced glycation product-inhibitor aminoguanidine, or glycolaldehyde plus the advanced glycation product-inhibitor sodium cyanoborohydride. Glycolaldehyde increased the matrix advanced glycation product content as measured by specific fluorescence more than two-fold, while inhibiting bone differentiation more than 90 % as measured by in vivo 45CaCl2 uptake, alkaline phosphatase levels, and histology. In contrast, simultaneous incubation with the advanced glycation product-inhibitor aminoguanidine or sodium cyanoborohydride not only reduced fluorescence to normal, but also restored bone differentiation. Furthermore, the inhibition of bone differentiation by glycolaldehyde was not reversed by subsequent application of recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2. These observations suggest that formation of advanced glycation products on bone matrix alters its ability to induce bone formation, and probably involves alterations of binding sites for extractable proteins with direct bone inductive properties such as bone morphogenetic protein-2. Decreased bone formation associated with aging and diabetes may result, in part, from advanced glycation product formation on matrix proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-807
Number of pages6
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • bone differentiation
  • bone healing
  • bone matrix
  • diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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