Implicit Bias in Health Professions: From Recognition to Transformation

Javeed Sukhera, Christopher J. Watling, Cristina M. Gonzalez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Implicit bias recognition and management curricula are offered as an increasingly popular solution to address health disparities and advance equity. Despite growth in the field, approaches to implicit bias instruction are varied and have mixed results. The concept of implicit bias recognition and management is relatively nascent, and discussions related to implicit bias have also evoked critique and controversy. In addition, challenges related to assessment, faculty development, and resistant learners are emerging in the literature. In this context, the authors have reframed implicit bias recognition and management curricula as unique forms of transformative learning that raise critical consciousness in both individuals and clinical learning environments. The authors have proposed transformative learning theory (TLT) as a guide for implementing educational strategies related to implicit bias in health professions. When viewed through the lens of TLT, curricula to recognize and manage implicit biases are positioned as a tool to advance social justice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-723
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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