Viral Patel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Introduction Hypothermia is defined as a core temperature below 35°C. The body responds acutely to cold by increasing muscle tone, shivering, vasoconstriction, and behavioral changes. In addition, the hypothalamus increases TSH production causing an increased metabolic rate. In healthy patients, the body’s compensatory mechanisms are overwhelmed by exposure. Age, health, nutrition, intoxication and medications can interfere with adequate thermoregulation. The human body produces approximately 250 joules (60 kcal) per m2 of body surface area per hour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPractical Emergency Resuscitation and Critical Care
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781139523936
ISBN (Print)9781107626850
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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