Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells inhibit C6 glioma growth via secretion of dickkopf-1 (DKK1)

Shanshan Ma, Shuo Liang, Hongliang Jiao, Liankai Chi, Xinyi Shi, Yi Tian, Bo Yang, Fangxia Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a potential therapeutic target for glioma. We determined the molecular mechanism of inhibitory effect of human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs) on the growth of C6 glioma cells. We demonstrated that hUC-MSCs inhibited C6 cell growth and modulated the cell cycle to G0/G1 phase. The expression of β-catenin and c-Myc was downregulated in C6 cells by conditioned media from hUC-MSCs, and the levels of secreted DKK1 were positively correlated with concentrations of hUCMSCs-CM. The inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs on C6 cell proliferation was enhanced as the concentration of DKK1 in hUCMSCs-CM increased. When DKK1 was neutralized by anti-DKK1 antibody, the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs on C6 cells was attenuated. Furthermore, we found that conditioned media from hUC-MSCs transfection with siRNA targeting DKK1 mRNA or pEGFPN1-DKK1 plasmid lost or enhanced the abilities to regulate the Wnt signaling in C6 cells. Therefore, hUC-MSCs inhibited C6 glioma cell growth via secreting DKK1, an inhibitor of Wnt pathway, may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for malignant glioma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • DKK1
  • Glioma
  • Human umbilical cord
  • Inhibition
  • Mesenchymal stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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