Methylglyoxal is a highly reactive dicarbonyl degradation product formed from triose phosphates during glycolysis. Methylglyoxal forms stable adducts primarily with arginine residues of intracellular proteins. The biologic role of this covalent modification in regulating cell function is not known. Here we report that in mouse kidney endothelial cells, high glucose causes increased methylglyoxal modification of the corepressor mSin3A. Methylglyoxal modification of mSin3A results in increased recruitment of O-GlcNAc-transferase, with consequent increased modification of Sp3 byO-linkedN-acetylglucosamine. This modification of Sp3 causes decreased binding to a glucose-responsive GC-box in the angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) promoter, resulting in increased Ang-2 expression. Increased Ang-2 expression induced by high glucose increased expression of intracellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 in cells and in kidneys from diabetic mice and sensitized microvascular endothelial cells to the proinflammatory effects of tumor necrosis factor α. This novel mechanism for regulating gene expression may play a role in the pathobiology of diabetic vascular disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 19 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology