Hernia Defect Closure with Barbed Suture: An Assessment of Patient-reported Outcomes in Extraperitoneal Robotic Ventral Hernia Repair

Daniel Tagerman, Xavier Pereira, Diego Lima, Gustavo Romero-Velez, Patricia Friedman, Prashanth Sreeramoju, Flavio Malcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Primary closure of a fascial defect during ventral hernia repair is associated with lower rates of recurrence and better patient satisfaction compared with bridging repairs. Robotic surgery offers enhanced ability to close these defects and this has likely been aided by the use of barbed suture. The goal of this study was to evaluate the perioperative safety and the long-term outcomes for the use of barbed suture for the primary closure of hernia defects during robotic ventral hernia repair (rVHR) with mesh. Methods: This is a retrospective study of adult patients who underwent rVHR with the use of a barbed suture for fascial defect closure from August 2018 to August 2020 in an academic center. All the patients included were queried by phone to complete a quality of life assessment to assess patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Subjective sense of a bulge and pain at the previous hernia site has been shown to correlate with hernia recurrence. These questions were used in conjunction with a Hernia-related Quality of Life Survey (HerQles) score to assess a patient's quality of life. Results: A total of 81 patients with 102 hernias were analyzed. Sixty patients (74%) were successfully reached and completed the PRO form at median postoperative day 356 (range: 43 to 818). Eight patients (13% of patients with PRO data) claimed to have both a bulge and pain at their previous hernia site, concerning for possible recurrence. Median overall HerQLes score was 82 [Interquartile Range (IQR): 54 to 99]. Patients with a single hernia defect, when compared with those with multiple defects, had a lower rate of both a bulge (15% vs. 30%) and symptoms (33% vs. 48%), as well as a higher median HerQLes score (85 vs. 62) at the time of PRO follow-up. Patients with previous hernia repair had a lower median HerQLes score of 65 (IQR: 43 to 90) versus 88 (IQR: 62-100). These patients also had a higher rate of sensing a bulge (29% vs. 18%), whereas a sense of symptoms at the site was less (33% vs. 44%). Conclusions: Barbed suture for fascial defect closure in rVHR was found to be safe with an acceptable rate of possible recurrence by the use of PRO data. Patients with multiple hernias and previous repairs had a higher likelihood of recurrence and a lower quality of life after rVHR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-500
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 19 2022


  • barbed suture
  • hernia
  • robotic
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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