Heart Transplant and Mechanical Circulatory Support in Patients With Advanced Heart Failure

Cristina Sánchez-Enrique, Ulrich P. Jorde, José González-Costello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Patients with advanced heart failure have a poor prognosis and heart transplant is still the best treatment option. However, the scarcity of donors, long waiting times, and an increasing number of unstable patients have favored the development of mechanical circulatory support. This review summarizes the indications for heart transplant, candidate evaluation, current immunosuppression strategies, the evaluation and treatment of rejection, infectious prophylaxis, and short and long-term outcomes. Regarding mechanical circulatory support, we distinguish between short- and long-term support and the distinct strategies that can be used: bridge to decision, recovery, candidacy, transplant, and destination therapy. We then discuss indications, risk assessment, management of complications, especially with long-term support, and outcomes. Finally, we discuss future challenges and how the widespread use of long-term support for patients with advanced heart failure will only be viable if their complications and costs are reduced. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org/en

Original languageSpanish
JournalRevista Espanola de Cardiologia
StateAccepted/In press - 2017


  • Advanced heart failure
  • Heart transplant
  • Mechanical circulatory support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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