Hand2 Is an Essential Regulator for Two Notch-Dependent Functions within the Embryonic Endocardium

Nathan J. VanDusen, Jose Casanovas, Joshua W. Vincentz, Beth A. Firulli, Marco Osterwalder, Javier Lopez-Rios, Rolf Zeller, Bin Zhou, Joaquim Grego-Bessa, JoséLuis DeLaPompa, Weinian Shou, Anthony B. Firulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor Hand2 plays critical roles during cardiac morphogenesis via expression and function within myocardial, neural crest, and epicardial cell populations. Here, we show that Hand2 plays two essential Notch-dependent roles within the endocardium. Endocardial ablation of Hand2 results in failure to develop a patent tricuspid valve, intraventricular septum defects, and hypotrabeculated ventricles, which collectively resemble the human congenital defect tricuspid atresia. We show endocardial Hand2 to be an integral downstream component ofa Notch endocardium-to-myocardium signaling pathway and a direct transcriptional regulator of Neuregulin1. Additionally, Hand2 participates in endocardium-to-endocardium-based cell signaling, with Hand2 mutant hearts displaying an increased density of coronary lumens. Molecular analyses further reveal dysregulation of several crucial components of Vegf signaling, including VegfA, VegfR2, Nrp1, and VegfR3. Thus, Hand2 functions as a crucial downstream transcriptional effector of endocardial Notch signaling during both cardiogenesis and coronary vasculogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2071-2083
Number of pages13
JournalCell Reports
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 24 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Hand2 Is an Essential Regulator for Two Notch-Dependent Functions within the Embryonic Endocardium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this