Genotypic distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) among acute cases of HBV infection, selected United States Counties, 1999-2005

Eyasu H. Teshale, Sumathi Ramachandran, Guo Liang Xia, Henry Roberts, Justina Groeger, Vaughn Barry, Dale J. Hu, Scott D. Holmberg, Deborah Holtzman, John W. Ward, Chong Gee Teo, Yuri Khudyakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background. Knowledge of the genotypic distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) facilitates epidemiologic tracking and surveillance of HBV infection as well as prediction of its disease burden. In the United States, HBV genotyping studies have been conducted for chronic but not acute hepatitis B. Methods. Serum samples were collected from patients with acute hepatitis B cases reported from the 6 counties that participated in the Sentinel Counties Study of Acute Viral Hepatitis from 1999 through 2005. Polymerase chain reaction followed by nucleotide sequencing of a 435-base pair segment of the HBV S gene was performed, and the sequences were phylogenetically analyzed. Results. Of 614 patients identified with available serum samples, 75% were infected with genotype A HBV and 18% were infected with genotype D HBV. Thirty-two percent of genotype A sequences constituted a single subgenotype A2 cluster. The odds of infection with genotype A (vs with genotype D) were 5 times greater among black individuals than among Hispanic individuals (odds ratio [OR], 5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3-10.7). The odds of infection with genotype A were 49, 8, and 4 times greater among patients from Jefferson County (Alabama), Pinellas County (Florida), and San Francisco (California), respectively, than among those living in Denver County (Colorado). Genotype A was less common among recent injection drug users than it was among non-injection drug users (OR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.4). Conclusions. HBV genotype distribution was significantly associated with ethnicity, place of residence, and risk behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-756
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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