Gene regulation by SMAR1: Role in cellular homeostasis and cancer

Sunil Kumar Malonia, Surajit Sinha, Pavithra Lakshminarasimhan, Kamini Singh, Archana Jalota-Badhwar, Shravanti Rampalli, Ruchika Kaul-Ghanekar, Samit Chattopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Changes in the composition of nuclear matrix associated proteins contribute to alterations in nuclear structure, one of the major phenotypes of malignant cancer cells. The malignancy-induced changes in this structure lead to alterations in chromatin folding, the fidelity of genome replication and gene expression programs. The nuclear matrix forms a scaffold upon which the chromatin is organized into periodic loop domains called matrix attachment regions (MAR) by binding to various MAR binding proteins (MARBPs). Aberrant expression of MARBPs modulates the chromatin organization and disrupt transcriptional network that leads to oncogenesis. Dysregulation of nuclear matrix associated MARBPs has been reported in different types of cancers. Some of these proteins have tumor specific expression and are therefore considered as promising diagnostic or prognostic markers in few cancers. SMAR1 (scaffold/matrix attachment region binding protein 1), is one such nuclear matrix associated protein whose expression is drastically reduced in higher grades of breast cancer. SMAR1 gene is located on human chromosome 16q24.3 locus, the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of which has been reported in several types of cancers. This review elaborates on the multiple roles of nuclear matrix associated protein SMAR1 in regulating various cellular target genes involved in cell growth, apoptosis and tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoptosis
  • Cell cycle
  • Chromatin
  • NF-ΚB
  • Nuclear matrix
  • SMAR1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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