Footwear-Generated Dynamic Biomechanical Manipulation and Perturbation Training for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain

Se Won Lee, Ratnakar Veeramachaneni, Ibrahim Abou Saleh, Karen Morice, Timothy Tiu, Yungtai Lo, Kevin Frison, Matthew N. Bartels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Home-based therapy optimizing biomechanics and neuromuscular control is increasingly recognized as a treatment option for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, its impact on pain, function, and gait is limited among patients in a metropolitan area. Objective: To evaluate the change of pain, function, and gait parameters with home-based therapy with the use of footwear-generated biomechanical manipulation and perturbation training in a population with CNSLBP in a metropolitan area. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation clinic at an academic teaching hospital. Participants: One hundred sixteen patients with CNSLBP for more than 6 months. Intervention: Six months of home-based therapy with a biomechanical device using 4 modular elements attached to a foot-worn platform. Main Outcome Measures: Instrumental gait analysis (gait velocity, step length, single limb support phase % of gait cycle), Numeric Rating Scale for pain, and Oswestry Disability Questionnaire Index for pain and function. Results: Only 43 patients (37.1%) completed the study. Among 43 patients, mean gait velocity increased from 86.6 ± 20.7 to 99.7 ± 22.1 cm/s (P <.0001) in 6 months. Mean left step length increased from 51.1 ± 8.4 to 54.8 ± 9.8 cm (P <.0001). Mean right step length increased from 51.0 ± 7.9 to 55.4 ± 9.0 cm (P <.0001). Mean single limb support increased from 36.4 ± 2.8 to 37.2 ± 2.5%, (P =.208) in the right side and from 36.6 ± 3.0 to 37.8 ± 4.4%, (P =.019) in the left side. Median Oswestry Disability Questionnaire Index score improved from 28 (18-44; interquartile range) to 17 (10-35) (P =.045). Mean Numeric Rating Scale for back pain improved from 7.7 ± 1.8 to 3.3 ± 3.1 (P <.0001). Conclusion: At 6 months, patients with CNSLBP undergoing home-based therapy with footwear-generated biomechanical manipulation and perturbation training demonstrated significant improvement of objective gait parameters, pain, and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-842
Number of pages7
JournalPM and R
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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