Esophageal cancer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The epidemiology of esophageal cancer has marked variations in different areas of the world. The two major types are squamous and adenocarcinoma, the latter entity has attracted much attention because of increasing prevalence in the Western nations. The major risk factors for adenocarcinoma include long-standing gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett’s metaplasia, obesity, and possibly ethnicity in view of the observation that it affects predominantly Caucasian men. Risk factors for squamous carcinoma include alcoholism and smoking. Manifestations include dysphagia to solids and liquids, weight loss, and aspiration. Diagnosis requires upper endoscopy and target biopsies. Staging requires endoscopic ultrasound and CT imaging of chest and abdomen. Management includes surgery, chemotherapy, and chemoradiation, based on location, stage and type of cancer, in addition to age and comorbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Gastroenterology
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781441916235
ISBN (Print)9781441916228
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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