Embryonic expression suggests an important role for CRP2/SmLIM in the developing cardiovascular system

Mukesh K. Jain, Saori Kashiki, Chung Ming Hsieh, Matthew D. Layne, Shaw Fang Yet, Nicholas E.S. Sibinga, Michael T. Chin, Mark W. Feinberg, Ian Woo, Richard L. Maas, Edgar Haber, Mu En Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Proteins of the LIM family are critical regulators of development and differentiation in various cell types. We have described the cloning of cysteine-rich protein 2/smooth muscle LIM protein (CRP2/SmLIM), a LIM-only protein expressed in differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells. As a first step toward understanding the potential functions of CRP2/SmLIM, we analyzed its expression after gastrulation in developing mice and compared the expression of CRP2/SmLIM with that of the other 2 members of the CRP subclass, CRP1 and CRP3/MLP. In situ hybridization in whole-mount and sectioned embryos showed that CRP2/SmLIM was expressed in the sinus venosus and the 2 cardiac Chambers at embryonic day 9. Vascular expression of CRP2/SmLIM was first seen at embryonic day 10. At subsequent time points, CRP2/SmLIM expression decreased in the heart but remained high in the vasculature. CRP1 was expressed both in vascular and nonvascular tissues containing smooth muscle cells, whereas CRP3/MLP was expressed only in tissues containing striated muscle. These patterns of expression were maintained in the adult animal and suggest an important role for this gene family in the development of smooth and striated muscle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)980-985
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 16 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Development, mouse hybridization, in situ
  • Muscle, cardiac
  • Muscle, smooth
  • Protein, zinc-finger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Embryonic expression suggests an important role for CRP2/SmLIM in the developing cardiovascular system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this