Dynapenia and Metabolic Health in Obese and Nonobese Adults Aged 70 Years and Older: The LIFE Study

Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Stephen Anton, Daniel P. Beavers, Todd M. Manini, Roger Fielding, Anne B. Newman, Tim Church, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, David Conroy, Mary M. McDermott, Anda Botoseneanu, Michelle E. Hauser, Marco Pahor, Thomas Gill, Carlos Fragoso, Roger Fielding, Michelle E. Hauser, Marco Pahor, Jack M. Guralnik, Christiaan LeeuwenburghConnie Caudle, Lauren Crump, Latonia Holmes, Jocelyn Lee, Ching ju Lu, Michael E. Miller, Mark A. Espeland, Walter T. Ambrosius, William Applegate, Daniel P. Beavers, Robert P. Byington, Delilah Cook, Curt D. Furberg, Lea N. Harvin, Leora Henkin, Med John Hepler, Fang Chi Hsu, Laura Lovato, Wesley Roberson, Julia Rushing, Scott Rushing, Cynthia L. Stowe, Michael P. Walkup, Don Hire, W. Jack Rejeski, Jeffrey A. Katula, Peter H. Brubaker, Shannon L. Mihalko, Janine M. Jennings, Evan C. Hadley, Sergei Romashkan, Kushang V. Patel, Denise Bonds, Mary M. McDermott, Bonnie Spring, Joshua Hauser, Diana Kerwin, Kathryn Domanchuk, Rex Graff, Alvito Rego, Timothy S. Church, Steven N. Blair, Valerie H. Myers, Ron Monce, Nathan E. Britt, Melissa Nauta Harris, Ami Parks McGucken, Ruben Rodarte, Heidi K. Millet, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Ben P. Butitta, Sheletta G. Donatto, Shannon H. Cocreham, Abby C. King, Cynthia M. Castro, William L. Haskell, Randall S. Stafford, Leslie A. Pruitt, Kathy Berra, Veronica Yank, Roger A. Fielding, Miriam E. Nelson, Sara C. Folta, Edward M. Phillips, Christine K. Liu, Erica C. McDavitt, Kieran F. Reid, Dylan R. Kirn, Evan P. Pasha, Won S. Kim, Vince E. Beard, Eleni X. Tsiroyannis, Cynthia Hau, Todd M. Manini, Marco Pahor, Stephen D. Anton, Susan Nayfield, Thomas W. Buford, Michael Marsiske, Bhanuprasad D. Sandesara, Jeffrey D. Knaggs, Megan S. Lorow, William C. Marena, Irina Korytov, Holly L. Morris, Margo Fitch, Floris F. Singletary, Jackie Causer, Katie A. Radcliff, Stephanie A. Studenski, Bret H. Goodpaster, Nancy W. Glynn, Oscar Lopez, Neelesh K. Nadkarni, Kathy Williams, Mark A. Newman, George Grove, Janet T. Bonk, Jennifer Rush, Piera Kost, Diane G. Ives, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Anthony P. Marsh, Tina E. Brinkley, Jamehl S. Demons, Kaycee M. Sink, Kimberly Kennedy, Rachel Shertzer-Skinner, Abbie Wrights, Rose Fries, Deborah Barr, Thomas M. Gill, Robert S. Axtell, Susan S. Kashaf, Nathalie de Rekeneire, Joanne M. McGloin, Karen C. Wu, Denise M. Shepard, Barbara Fennelly, Lynne P. Iannone, Raeleen Mautner, Theresa Sweeney Barnett, Sean N. Halpin, Matthew J. Brennan, Julie A. Bugaj, Maria A. Zenoni, Bridget M. Mignosa, Jeff Williamson, Kaycee M. Sink, Hugh C. Hendrie, Stephen R. Rapp, Joe Verghese, Nancy Woolard, Mark Espeland, Janine Jennings, Valerie K. Wilson, Carl J. Pepine, Mario Ariet, Eileen Handberg, Daniel Deluca, James Hill, Anita Szady, Geoffrey L. Chupp, Gail M. Flynn, Thomas M. Gill, John L. Hankinson, Carlos A. Vaz Fragoso, Erik J. Groessl, Robert M. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dynapenia and metabolic risk factors in obese and nonobese older adults. Methods A total of 1453 men and women (age ≥70 years) from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study were categorized as (1) nondynapenic/nonobese (NDYN-NO), (2) dynapenic/nonobese (DYN-NO), (3) nondynapenic/obese (NDYN-O), or (4) dynapenic/obese (DYN-O), based on muscle strength (Foundation for the National Institute of Health criteria) and body mass index. Dependent variables were blood lipids, fasting glucose, blood pressure, presence of at least 3 metabolic syndrome (MetS) criteria, and other chronic conditions. Results A significantly higher likelihood of having abdominal obesity criteria in NDYN-NO compared with DYN-NO groups (55.6 vs 45.1%, P ≤ .01) was observed. Waist circumference also was significantly higher in obese groups (DYN-O = 114.0 ± 12.9 and NDYN-O = 111.2 ± 13.1) than in nonobese (NDYN-NO = 93.1 ± 10.7 and DYN-NO = 92.2 ± 11.2, P ≤ .01); and higher in NDYN-O compared with DYN-O (P = .008). Additionally, NDYN-O demonstrated higher diastolic blood pressure compared with DYN-O (70.9 ± 10.1 vs 67.7 ± 9.7, P ≤ .001). No significant differences were found across dynapenia and obesity status for all other metabolic components (P > .05). The odds of having MetS or its individual components were similar in obese and nonobese, combined or not with dynapenia (nonsignificant odds ratio [95% confidence interval]). Conclusion Nonobese dynapenic older adults had fewer metabolic disease risk factors than nonobese and nondynapenic older adults. Moreover, among obese older adults, dynapenia was associated with lower risk of meeting MetS criteria for waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure. Additionally, the presence of dynapenia did not increase cardiometabolic disease risk in either obese or nonobese older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-319
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Muscle strength
  • aging
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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