Distinct actions of interleukin-9 and interleukin-4 on a hematopoietic stem cell line, EMLC1

Xin Yuan Wang, Vasily Gelfanov, Hui Bin Sun, Schickwann Tsai, Yu Chung Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


EMLC1 is a hematopoietic stem cell line that depends on stem cell factor (SCF) for growth and generates lymphoid, erythroid and myeloid progenitors in the presence of different cytokines. We have studied signaling events leading to cell proliferation and differentiation of EMLC1 mediated by interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-9. It was found that IL-9 enhances SCF-induced cell proliferation and promotes erythropoietin (EPO)-dependent erythroid differentiation of EMLC1 cells. However, IL-9 alone cannot support the growth of this cell line. In contrast, IL-4 by itself is sufficient to promote the growth of EMLC1 cells, even in the absence of SCF. Antiphosphotyrosine immunoblots of total cell lysates demonstrated that IL-4 and IL-9 induce tyrosine phosphorylation of different cellular substrates. Both IL-4 and IL- 9 stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of SHP-2, whereas the 90-kD tyrosine phosphorylated protein induced by IL-9 stimulation is Stat3. We have also shown that IL-4 is much more potent than IL-9 in inducing the expression of primary response gene c-myc. It was further determined that c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide blocked IL-4 supported cell growth. Taken together, these results indicate that IL-4 may serve as a growth-promoting factor for hematopoietic stem cells, and IL-9 enhances both growth and erythroid differentiation of primitive hematopoietic progenitors. The results also suggest that differences in tyrosine phosphorylation induced by IL-4 and IL- 9 may in part determine their distinct biological functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • IL-4
  • IL-9
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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