Developmentalist metatheory of depression and psychotherapy

T. B. Karasu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a developmentalist metatheory for the psychotherapy of depressed patients. Four prototypes of depressive disorder based on psychosexual maturation-dyadic deficit depression (DDD), dyadic conflict depression (DCD), triadic deficit depression (TDD), and triadic conflict depression (TCD)-are explored in terms of early parent-child interactions as well as the therapist/patient relationship. Clinical strategies for each type are recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-49
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of psychotherapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology


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