Determining the oxidation states of manganese in NT2 cells and cultured astrocytes

Karlene K. Gunter, Michael Aschner, Lisa M. Miller, Roman Eliseev, Jason Salter, Katie Anderson, Thomas E. Gunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Excessive brain manganese (Mn) can produce a syndrome called "manganism", which correlates with loss of striatal dopamine and cell death in the striatum and globus pallidus. The prevalent hypothesis for the cause of this syndrome has been oxidation of cell components by the strong oxidizing agent, Mn3+, either formed by oxidation of intracellular Mn2+ or transported into the cell as Mn3+. We have recently used X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) to determine the oxidation states of manganese complexes in brain and liver mitochondria and in nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced and non-induced PC12 cells. No evidence was found for stabilization or accumulation of Mn3+ complexes because of oxidation of Mn2+ by reactive oxygen species in these tissues. Here we extend these studies of manganese oxidation state to cells of brain origin, human neuroteratocarcinoma (NT2) cells and primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Again we find no evidence for stabilization or accumulation of any Mn3+ complex derived from oxidation of Mn2+ under a range of conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1816-1826
Number of pages11
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Astrocytes
  • Mn oxidation states
  • Mn toxicity
  • NT2 cells
  • XANES spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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