Pediatric midline gliomas are a uniformly fatal disease for which there is no cure. The location of these tumors makes surgical resection impossible, and so novel therapies are urgently needed to improve outcomes. The biology of these tumors is increasingly understood, with the histone H3K27M mutation playing a critical role in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Efforts to inhibit the growth of these tumors have also focused on inhibiting the Aurora kinase and Janus-associated kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway in order to disrupt tumor proliferation. A number of small molecule inhibitors of these kinases have shown promise in early studies. Screening and preclinical assessment of such inhibitors requires a functional assay to assess the degree of kinase inhibition. We detail here a luciferase-based reporter assay for STAT3 transcriptional activity that we have employed frequently in order to assess the efficacy of kinase inhibitors in pediatric gliomas. The assay we describe is specific to STAT3, but the overall methodology is generalizable to other downstream targets of the kinase of interest.