Dendra2 photoswitching through the mammary imaging window

Bojana Gligorijevic, Dmitriy Kedrin, Jeffrey E. Segall, John Condeelis, Jacco van Rheenen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


In the last decade, intravital microscopy of breast tumors in mice and rats at single-cell resolution has resulted in important insights into mechanisms of metastatic behavior such as migration, invasion and intravasation of tumor cells, angiogenesis and immune cells response. We have recently reported a technique to image orthotopic mammary carcinomas over multiple intravital imaging sessions in living mice. For this, we have developed a Mammary Imaging Window (MIW) and optimized imaging parameters for Dendra2 photoswitching and imaging in vivo. Here, we describe the protocol for the manufacturing of MIW, insertion of the MIW on top of a tumor and imaging of the Dendra2- labeled tumor cells using a custom built imaging box. This protocol can be used to image the metastatic behavior of tumor cells in distinct microenvironments in tumors and allows for long term imaging of blood vessels, tumor cells and host cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1278
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number28
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • Cell biology
  • Fluorescent proteins
  • Imaging window
  • Intravasation
  • Intravital
  • Invasion
  • Issue 28
  • Metastasis
  • Microenvironment
  • Microscopy
  • Photoswitching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Dendra2 photoswitching through the mammary imaging window'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this