Deleted in oral cancer-1 expression upregulates proapoptosis elements in microsatellite-unstable human colorectal cancer

Tara Sotsky Kent, Ziqiang Yuan, Agnes Miller, Thomas K. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: We previously reported differential expression of the growth suppressor, deleted in oral cancer-1 (DOC-1), in microsatellite-unstable (MSI+) versus microsatellite-stable colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. MSI+ CRC cell lines demonstrated decreased DOC-1 expression and decreased apoptosis. Transfection of wild-type DOC-1 into an MSI+ cell line (SW48) resulted in increased apoptosis. We undertook our current experiment to identify specific elements modulated by DOC-1 expression that result in increased apoptosis. Methods: SW48 is an MSI+ CRC cell line that does not constitutively express DOC-1. SW48 was suspended in culture medium and incubated to 60% confluence. Half the plates were transfected with cytomegalovirus (CMV)-DOC-1. At 30 hours, RNA and protein were isolated with Trizol. Complementary DNA microarray was performed to compare SW48CMV-DOC-1 with SW48, which lacks DOC-1. Signal intensity was analyzed by GenePix Pro 3.0 software. Expression ratios ≤67 and ≥1.5 were considered significant. Poor-quality spots were flagged and excluded from analysis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine DOC-1 levels in both cell lines. Results: Successful transfection of DOC-1 was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and by Western blot. Microarray revealed significant differential expression of DOC-1, as expected. Increased DOC-1 expression in SW48CMV-DOC-1 was associated with significantly increased expression of proapoptosis components of the caspase cascade (CASP7, CASP9) and bcl2/bax pathway (BNIP3, BNIP3L, BID). Conclusions: DOC-1 expression promotes apoptosis by upregulation of specific elements of the caspase cascade and bcl2/bax pathways. DOC-1 therefore deserves further study as a candidate for the therapeutic modulation of apoptosis in MSI+ CRC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2004


  • Apoptosis
  • Colorectal carcinoma
  • DOC-1
  • Microsatellite unstable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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