Decreasing Surgical Site Infection Associated with the Use of Circular Staplers During Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

Ana T.Garcia Cabrera, Gustavo Romero-Velez, Xavier Pereira, Joseph T. Vazzana, Diego R. Camacho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has been established as a leading treatment of obesity. Surgical site infections (SSIs) remain the most common complication. Objective: To compare the incidence of SSIs before and after the implementation of our technique. Methods: Our intraoperative technique limits enteric contact with the abdominal wall through a wound protector at the end-to-end anastomosis stapler port site, with enteric retrieval with a specimen bag followed by betadine irrigation. We analyzed our SSIs outcomes before and after implementation of our technique in all RYGB and laparoscopic sleeve-to-bypass conversions at our institution performed by two providers between January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011 and January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. We compared patient age, sex, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists class; and comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. The x2, Fischer exact, Wilcoxon Rank Sum tests, and multivariate analysis were performed. Results: Four hundred twenty-nine patients underwent LRYGB and sleeve-to-bypass conversion during the two study periods. Group 1 (162 patients, 37.76%) all underwent RYGB. Group 2 (267 patients, 62.24%) of whom 199 underwent RYGB and 68 underwent a laparoscopic sleeve-to-bypass conversion. The SSI rate was 9.26% in Group 1 and 2.62% in Group 2 (p = 0.002514). Statistical significance was also noted for operating room time (137 min vs 123 min, p = 0.02) and hospital length of stay (2 – 3 interquartile range vs 1 – 2 interquartile range, p = 0.04). Conclusion: We propose a safe, reproducible technique that significantly reduces SSI rates during LRYGB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2022.00056
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022


  • Circular stapler
  • EEA
  • Gastric bypass
  • Surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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