It has been proposed that all ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in young rats are by-products of a cardiovascular response to decreased venous return, the abdominal compression reaction. To test the hypothesis, venous return was decreased in infant rats while USV and cardiovascular measures were monitored. Neither injection of the vasodilator sodium nitroprusside nor blood withdrawal from the superior vena cava or carotid artery elicited USV from pups in their home cage. Thus, decreased venous return by itself is not sufficient to elicit USV. To test whether venous return is a necessary mechanism for USV production, 5% dextrose in water or blood was infused intravenously into isolated pups that were producing USV. This artificial increase of venous return did not affect the rate of USV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience