Consumer evaluation of dual focus mutual aid

Stephen Magura, Cherie L. Villano, Andrew Rosenblum, Howard S. Vogel, Thomas Betzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Double Trouble in Recovery (DTR) is a dual focus, 12 step-based mutual aid program tailored to assist recovery from co-occurring substance use and psychiatric disorders. Objective: To determine consumers' perceptions of DTR's usefulness for their recoveries and the relationships between perceived DTR usefulness and self-help processes, self-efficacy to cope with problems in recovery, and changes in behaviors conducive to dual recovery. Methods: Consumers attending DTR groups, located within a psychiatric day-treatment program, completed anonymous surveys 8 months (N = 19) and 20 months (N = 61) after DTR was implemented. Results: DTR participants rated DTR favorably and length of DTR attendance was significantly associated with increased self-efficacy for recovery and positive changes in recovery-oriented behaviors. Perceived DTR usefulness was significantly associated with greater engagement in three specific self-help processes and increased self-efficacy for recovery; notably, these associations were independent of consumers' overall satisfaction with the treatment program. Conclusion: This study is the first to document consumers' perceived usefulness of DTR in relation to indicators of recovery. Overall, the study provides additional evidence for the benefits of implementing consumer-led dual focus groups in treatment programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-185
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Dual Diagnosis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 10 2008


  • 12 step program: substance use
  • Co-occurring disorders
  • Dual diagnosis
  • Mental illness
  • Mutual aid
  • Outpatient treatment
  • Psychiatric co-morbidity
  • Recovery
  • Self-help

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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