T. S. Dharmarajan, David Widjaja, C. S. Pitchumoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Constipation is a common syndrome in older individuals. Constipation is defined as a frequency of defecation fewer than three times per week in association with additional manifestations as defined in the Rome criteria. Deviations from baseline habits deserve attention and perhaps evaluation. Motility and structural abnormalities are two important factors contributing to pathogenesis of constipation. Colonic motor dysfunction is associated with several factors, predominantly dietary, medication, and disease. A thorough medical history helps identify etiology and helps management of constipation. More specialized tests of colonic transit or pelvic floor function are considered in older adults in selected cases and in the settings where the findings influence management decisions. Management strategy includes life style modification, use of fiber, pharmacologic measures, and rarely miscellaneous modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Gastroenterology
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781441916235
ISBN (Print)9781441916228
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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