Classification of protein–protein association rates based on biophysical informatics

Kalyani Dhusia, Yinghao Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Proteins form various complexes to carry out their versatile functions in cells. The dynamic properties of protein complex formation are mainly characterized by the association rates which measures how fast these complexes can be formed. It was experimentally observed that the association rates span an extremely wide range with over ten orders of magnitudes. Identification of association rates within this spectrum for specific protein complexes is therefore essential for us to understand their functional roles. Results: To tackle this problem, we integrate physics-based coarse-grained simulations into a neural-network-based classification model to estimate the range of association rates for protein complexes in a large-scale benchmark set. The cross-validation results show that, when an optimal threshold was selected, we can reach the best performance with specificity, precision, sensitivity and overall accuracy all higher than 70%. The quality of our cross-validation data has also been testified by further statistical analysis. Additionally, given an independent testing set, we can successfully predict the group of association rates for eight protein complexes out of ten. Finally, the analysis of failed cases suggests the future implementation of conformational dynamics into simulation can further improve model. Conclusions: In summary, this study demonstrated that a new modeling framework that combines biophysical simulations with bioinformatics approaches is able to identify protein–protein interactions with low association rates from those with higher association rates. This method thereby can serve as a useful addition to a collection of existing experimental approaches that measure biomolecular recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number408
JournalBMC bioinformatics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulation
  • Neural network model
  • Protein–protein association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of protein–protein association rates based on biophysical informatics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this