Characteristics Associated With Adding Cereal Into the Bottle Among Immigrant Mother–Infant Dyads of Low Socioeconomic Status and Hispanic Ethnicity

Candice Taylor Lucas, Mary Jo Messito, Rachel S. Gross, Suzy Tomopoulos, Arthur H. Fierman, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Samantha Berkule Johnson, Benard Dreyer, Alan L. Mendelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Objective Determine maternal and infant characteristics associated with adding cereal into the bottle. Design Secondary data analysis. Participants Study participants were immigrant, low-income, urban mother–infant dyads (n = 216; 91% Hispanic, 19% US-born) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial entitled the Bellevue Project for Early Language, Literacy and Education Success. Main Outcome Measures Maternal characteristics (age, marital status, ethnicity, primary language, country of origin, education, work status, income, depressive symptoms, and concern about infant's future weight) and infant characteristics (gender, first born, and difficult temperament). Analysis Fisher exact test, chi-square test, and simultaneous multiple logistic regression of significant (P < .05) variables identified in unadjusted analyses. Results Twenty-seven percent of mothers added cereal into the bottle. After adjusting for confounding variables identified in bivariate analyses, mothers who were single (P = .02), had moderate to severe depressive symptoms (P = .01) and perceived their infant had a difficult temperament (P = .03) were more likely to add cereal into the bottle. Conversely, mothers who expressed concern about their infants becoming overweight were less likely to add cereal (P = .02). Conclusions and Implications Health care providers should screen for adding cereal in infant bottles. Further research is needed to investigate the impact of adding cereal into the bottle on weight trajectories over time. Causal associations also need to be identified to effectively prevent this practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34.e1
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Hispanic
  • cereal in the bottle
  • feeding
  • infant
  • low-income
  • responsive feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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