Characteristics and treatments of ocular blast injury in Tianjin explosion in China

Yuanyuan Liu, Kang Feng, Hao Jiang, Fuhua Hu, Jun Gao, Wanhong Zhang, Wenjing Zhang, Bo Huang, Rodrigo Brant, Cheng Zhang, Hua Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: To document characteristics and treatments of ocular blast injury from a fire and explosion. Method: Authors retrospectively evaluated 116 patients with 166 eye injuries from six hospitals. Terminology of ocular injury referred to Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was categorized with the ocular trauma score (OTS) grading system. Incidence, preoperational and follow-up BCVA, treatment of severe ocular blast injuries were surveyed. Results: Oculoplastic injuries accounted for the majority of eye injuries, while globe injuries were presented in 52 eyes with median baseline OTS 70 ranging from 26 to 100. No endophthalmitis occurred. The mean timing of the first-stage operations was 9.4 ± 6.4 h after blast, while second-stage operations were performed on average 14.7 ± 0.9 days post blast. Final BCVA of 68.8% of eyes achieved 20/200 or better as followed, 7 open globe injuries had a BCVA of no light perception. Additionally, eyes presenting rupture, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal injury and initial BCVA less than 20/200 had worse final visual outcomes, while globe penetration was not associated with poor visual acuity. Conclusion: Various ocular injuries were commonly in the casualties of blast, in which open-globe injuries have worst visual prognosis. OTS is a valid approach for evaluation of prognosis and optimizing the therapeutic strategies subsequently in the massive casualty. Intense rescue and careful examination, proper surgery should be performed correctly to rescue patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number185
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 6 2020


  • BCVA
  • Globe injury
  • OTS
  • Ocular blast injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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