Assessment of the cardiac patient: History and physical examination

Daphne T. Hsu, Welton M. Gersony

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The assessment of a patient with possible or known heart disease by history taking and physical examination is the purview of all pediatric cardiovascular subspecialists. The requirements for assessment depend on the subspecialty area of expertise, and are as varied as evaluation of a heart murmur by an outpatient cardiologist, evaluation of cyanosis by a neonatologist, assessment prior to surgical intervention by a pediatric cardiac surgeon or anesthesiologist, and evaluation of low cardiac output by a cardiac intensivist. This section will review the important history and physical examination components of a comprehensive cardiac assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781447146193
ISBN (Print)9781447146186
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Arrhythmias
  • Cardiac signs
  • Cardiac symptoms
  • Diastolic
  • Family history
  • Flow murmur
  • Heart failure
  • Medication history
  • Murmur
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Regurgitant murmur
  • Surgical history
  • Systolic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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