Analysis of Outpatient Adherence in 45,237 Patients Referred by an Emergency Department to Surgical Clinics

Fareed Cheema, Diego L. Lima, Niloy Iqbal, Patricia Friedmann, Diego Camacho, Flavio Malcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: This study examines referral patterns to surgical clinics from the emergency department and the impact of sociodemographic factors on adherence. Methods: Patients from 2017 to 2021 were identified who had a referral placed to surgical specialties from the ED. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who had a referral to surgery placed during an ED visit but who showed up to surgery clinic visit within 60 days of referral placement. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed. Results: Referrals were made for 45,237 patients overall and 4130 for general surgery specifically. 44% showed up to general surgery clinic visit. In univariate and multivariate analysis, those who showed up to clinic were older, tended to be female, had a lower social economic status, had Medicaid or Medicare insurance and had more comorbidities compared to those who did not show up. Asians and Hispanics were more likely to show up to clinic compared to Whites. Conclusions: Assigning navigators in the ED to follow-up with patients who are younger and healthier, with private insurances who have existing PCPs to ensure they follow up as advised is a potential targeted intervention to improve clinic adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-460
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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