Age-stratified 5-year risks of cervical precancer among women with enrollment and newly detected HPV infection

Julia C. Gage, Hormuzd A. Katki, Mark Schiffman, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E. Poitras, Thomas Lorey, Li C. Cheung, Philip E. Castle, Walter K. Kinney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


It is unclear whether a woman's age influences her risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse (CIN3+) upon detection of HPV. A large change in risk as women age would influence vaccination and screening policies. Among 972,029 women age 30-64 undergoing screening with Pap and HPV testing (Hybrid Capture 2, Qiagen, Germantown, MD) at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), we calculated age-specific 5-year CIN3+ risks among women with HPV infections detected at enrollment, and among women with "newly detected" HPV infections at their second screening visit. Women (57,899, 6.0%) had an enrollment HPV infection. Among the women testing HPV negative at enrollment with a second screening visit, 16,724 (3.3%) had a newly detected HPV infection at their second visit. Both enrollment and newly detected HPV rates declined with age (p < 0.001). Women with enrollment versus newly detected HPV infection had higher 5-year CIN3+ risks: 8.5% versus 3.9%, (p < 0.0001). Risks did not increase with age but declined slightly from 30-34 years to 60-64 years: 9.4% versus 7.4% (p = 0.017) for enrollment HPV and 5.1% versus 3.5% (p = 0.014) for newly detected HPV. Among women age 30-64 in an established screening program, women with newly detected HPV infections were at lower risk than women with enrollment infections, suggesting reduced benefit vaccinating women at older ages. Although the rates of HPV infection declined dramatically with age, the subsequent CIN3+ risks associated with HPV infection declined only slightly. The CIN3+ risks among older women are sufficiently elevated to warrant continued screening through age 65.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1665-1671
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Age
  • Cancer prevention
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Cytology
  • Human Papillomavirus
  • Hybrid capture 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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