Advanced Age Is Associated with Poorer Bladder Cancer-Specific Survival in Patients Treated with Radical Cystectomy

Matthew E. Nielsen, Shahrokh F. Shariat, Pierre I. Karakiewicz, Yair Lotan, Craig G. Rogers, Gilad E. Amiel, Patrick J. Bastian, Amnon Vazina, Amit Gupta, Seth P. Lerner, Arthur I. Sagalowsky, Mark P. Schoenberg, Ganesh S. Palapattu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations


Objective: Bladder cancer (BCa) is a disease of older persons, the incidence of which is expected to increase as the population ages. There is controversy, however, regarding the outcomes of radical cystectomy (RC), the gold standard treatment of high-risk BCa, in patients of advanced chronological age. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of patient age on pathological characteristics and recurrence-free and disease-specific survival following RC. Methods: The records of 888 consecutive patients who underwent RC for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) were reviewed. Age at RC was analyzed both as a continuous (yr) and categorical (≤60 yr old, n = 240; 60.1-70 yr old, n = 331; 70.1-80 yr old, n = 266; >80 yr old, n = 51) variable. Logistic regression and survival analyses were performed. Results: Higher age at RC, analyzed as a continuous or categorical variable, was associated with extravesical disease and pathological upstaging (all p < 0.02). Older patients were less likely to receive postoperative chemotherapy (≤60 yr: 32% vs. >80 yr: 14%, p = 0.008). In both pre- and postoperative multivariate models, higher age at RC as a categorical variable was associated with BCa-specific survival (p < 0.05). Patients >80 yr old had a significantly greater risk of disease recurrence than patients aged ≤60 yr (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Greater patient age at the time of RC for BCa is independently associated with adverse outcomes. Better understanding of factors associated with postoperative outcomes in this growing segment of the population is necessary. Prospective corroboration and further refinement of similar analyses in other large datasets is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-708
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Urology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Age
  • Bladder cancer
  • Cystectomy
  • Recurrence
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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