Activation of human macrophages: Comparison of other cytokines with interferon-γ

Carl F. Nathan, Thomas J. Prendergast, Michael E. Wiebe, E. Richard Stanley, Erich Platzer, Heinz G. Remold, Karl Welte, Berish Y. Rubin, Henry W. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

291 Scopus citations


Cytokines affecting mononuclear phagocytes were screened for activation of human macrophages to secrete H2O2 and kill toxoplasmas. In contrast to recombinant interferon-γ (rIFNγ), the following factors, tested in partially or highly purified form and over a wide range of concentrations, did not augment these functions: native interferon-α (nIFNα), rIFNαA, rIFNαD, rIFNβ, colony stimulating factor (type 1) (CSF-1), CSF for granulocytes and macrophages (GM-CSF), pluripotent CSF (p-CSF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), native interleukin 2 (nIL-2), and rIL-2. Partially purified migration inhibitory factor (MIF) enhanced H2O2-releasing capacity submaximally without inducing antitoxoplasma activity, and warrants further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-605
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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