A tumor-derived type III collagen-rich ECM niche regulates tumor cell dormancy

Julie S. Di Martino, Ana Rita Nobre, Chandrani Mondal, Isra Taha, Eduardo F. Farias, Elana J. Fertig, Alexandra Naba, Julio A. Aguirre-Ghiso, Jose Javier Bravo-Cordero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer cells disseminate and seed in distant organs, where they can remain dormant for many years before forming clinically detectable metastases. Here we studied how disseminated tumor cells sense and remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM) to sustain dormancy. ECM proteomics revealed that dormant cancer cells assemble a type III collagen-enriched ECM niche. Tumor-derived type III collagen is required to sustain tumor dormancy, as its disruption restores tumor cell proliferation through DDR1-mediated STAT1 signaling. Second-harmonic generation two-photon microscopy further revealed that the dormancy-to-reactivation transition is accompanied by changes in type III collagen architecture and abundance. Analysis of clinical samples revealed that type III collagen levels were increased in tumors from patients with lymph node-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma compared to patients who were positive for lymph node colonization. Our data support the idea that the manipulation of these mechanisms could serve as a barrier to metastasis through disseminated tumor cell dormancy induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-107
Number of pages18
JournalNature Cancer
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • General Medicine

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