A retrospective case series of peripheral mixed nerve reconstruction failures using processed nerve allografts

Hailey P. Huddleston, Joey S. Kurtzman, Katherine M. Connors, Steven M. Koehler

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3 Scopus citations


Background: Favorable rates of meaningful recovery (≥M3/S3) of processed nerve allografts (PNAs) for mixed and motor nerve injuries have been reported, but there are few reports of patients having complete PNA failure (M0/S0). The purpose of this study was to describe the outcomes, including rate of complete failures, in a case series of patients who underwent PNA for peripheral mixed nerve reconstructions. Methods: A retrospective review of outcomes between May 2018 to September 2020 was performed. Consecutive patients who underwent nerve reconstruction (>15 mm) with PNA for a peripheral mixed nerve injury of the upper or lower extremity were eligible. Those who returned to clinic for a 10-month postoperative visit were included in this study. The primary outcome was whether the patient was defined as having a complete failure (M0/S0). Results: A total of 22 patients underwent a PNA during the time period; 14 patients participated in follow-up and were included (average age: 34.7 years) with a mean follow-up of 11.9 months. The average gap length was 46.4 mm (range 15–110 mm). At their 10-month postoperative visit, no patients had any motor or sensory improvement; all patients were deemed as having complete failure. Four patients underwent or were planned for subsequent revision surgery. Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated a high number of complete failures, with all 14 included patients sustaining a complete failure (100% failure rate) at a minimum 10-month follow-up visit. Failure in this case series was not observed to affect one nerve type, location, or be related to preoperative injury size. (Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021;9:e3983; doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000003983; Published online 7 December 2021.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3983
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 7 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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