A Comprehensive Assessment by Tumor Site of Patient Setup Using Daily MVCT Imaging From More Than 3,800 Helical Tomotherapy Treatments

Leah K. Schubert, David C. Westerly, Wolfgang A. Tomé, Minesh P. Mehta, Emilie T. Soisson, Thomas R. Mackie, Mark A. Ritter, Deepak Khuntia, Paul M. Harari, Bhudatt R. Paliwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess patient setup corrections based on daily megavoltage CT (MVCT) imaging for four anatomic treatment sites treated on tomotherapy. Method and Materials: Translational and rotational setup corrections, based on registration of daily MVCT to planning CT images, were analyzed for 1,179 brain and head and neck (H&N), 1,414 lung, and 1,274 prostate treatment fractions. Frequencies of three-dimensional vector lengths, overall distributions of setup corrections, and patient-specific distributions of random and systematic setup errors were analyzed. Results: Brain and H&N had lower magnitude positioning corrections and smaller variations in translational setup errors but were comparable in roll rotations. Three-dimensional vector translational shifts of larger magnitudes occurred more frequently for lung and prostate than for brain and H&N treatments, yet this was not observed for roll rotations. The global systematic error for prostate was 4.7 mm in the vertical direction, most likely due to couch sag caused by large couch extension distances. Variations in systematic errors and magnitudes of random translational errors ranged from 1.6 to 2.6 mm for brain and H&N and 3.2 to 7.2 mm for lung and prostate, whereas roll rotational errors ranged from 0.8° to 1.2° for brain and H&N and 0.5° to 1.0° for lung and prostate. Conclusions: Differences in setup were observed between brain, H&N, lung, and prostate treatments. Patient setup can be improved if daily imaging is performed. This analysis can assess the utilization of daily image guidance and allows for further investigation into improved anatomic site-specific and patient-specific treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1260-1269
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 15 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Image-guidance
  • MVCT
  • Patient positioning
  • Setup error
  • Tomotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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