3D Printed Imaging Phantoms

Nicole Wake, Carlotta Ianniello, Ryan Brown, Christopher M. Collins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In medical imaging, phantoms with known geometries and material compositions are utilized to reproducibly and precisely characterize ability of a medical imaging system to safely produce accurate images. Today, a variety of commercial phantoms are available with a range of shapes, materials, and uses. However, these phantoms are typically costly and often feature simplified geometry. Three-dimensional (3D) printing, with its ability to rapidly and accurately produce new designs with the reproduction of complex, anatomical shapes based on patient-specific imaging data, promises new methods and possibilities for the production of medical imaging phantoms. In this chapter, a brief discussion of material properties pertinent to each imaging modality is described, and a variety of examples and methods to create 3D printed phantoms are included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication3D Printing for the Radiologist
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780323775731
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • 3D printing
  • Computed tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Phantoms
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Single-photon emission computed tomography
  • Ultrasound
  • X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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