Virtual Surgical Planning and Three-Dimensional Printing in Rhinoplasty

Alexandra Townsend, Oren M. Tepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent developments in three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology offer a more comprehensive means of assessing facial features. 3D printing allows for the transition of planning from simply a preoperative tool to an intraoperative device with the use of tools such as 3D-printed cutting guides, marking guides, or positioning guides. With the advent of 3D printing technology, 3D surface images can now be used to generate new medical models, devices, or tools to assist with rhinoplasty during preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases. In the field of rhinoplasty, 3D printing can be applied in three main areas: (1) reference models, (2) surgical guides, and (3) nasal splints. The value of 3D imaging extends far beyond the benefits of conversion during a preoperative consultation and has the potential to greatly enhance the overall treatment of rhinoplasty patients with enhanced communication and personalized devices that can be used during surgery and in the postoperative phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-163
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Plastic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 7 2022


  • 3D printing
  • rhinoplasty
  • virtual surgical planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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