Valores normativos de exoftalmometría en individuos hispanos

Translated title of the contribution: Normative exophthalmometry values in Hispanic individuals

T. Cheng, F. Wang, K. Denisova, A. Barmettler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Normative exophthalmometry values have been established in Caucasians, Asians, and Black individuals. While prior studies have examined periocular measurements in different racial and ethnic groups, this study is the first to establish a set of normative exophthalmometry values in a Hispanic population in New York City. Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional cohort study was IRB approved and HIPAA compliant. Adult patients self-identifying as Hispanic were included. The degree of ocular prominence (exophthalmometry value, EV) and the inter-orbital distance (Hertel's base, IOD) was obtained by Hertel exophthalmometry. Differences in EV between sexes were evaluated using two sample t-tests. Multivariable linear regression was utilized to determine the effect of age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) on EV. Results: Of the 277 Hispanic individuals included, 189 (68.2%) were female and the mean age was 63.0 years (SD = 15.0). The mean Hertel's base and mean EV for all participants was 92.0 mm (SD = 4.1) and 16.7 mm (SD = 2.4), respectively. Average exophthalmometry values for men were significantly higher than women's (17.6 mm and 16.2 mm, respectively, p ≤ 0.001). Higher EVs were positively associated with male gender (ß = −1.60, p < 0.0001) and BMI (ß = 0.084, p = 0.001), but not age. Conclusions: The mean EV in Hispanic individuals is 16.7 mm, higher than that reported for most Caucasians and Asians, but less than that of Black individuals. Higher EV is significantly associated with male sex and increased BMI. This study is the first to create a set of normative exophthalmometry values in a Hispanic population, which may serve as a valuable tool for clinicians to reference when diagnosing and monitoring orbital disease.

Translated title of the contributionNormative exophthalmometry values in Hispanic individuals
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalArchivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • Exophthalmometry
  • Hispanic
  • Orbit
  • Thyroid eye disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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