Use of mandelic acid condensation polymer (SAMMA), a new antimicrobial contraceptive agent, for vaginal prophylaxis

Lourens J.D. Zaneveld, Robert A. Anderson, Xiao Hui Diao, Donald P. Waller, Calvin Chany, Kenneth Feathergill, Gustavo Doncel, Morris D. Cooper, Betsy Herold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the contraceptive properties, antimicrobial activity, and safety of mandelic acid condensation polymer (SAMMA). Design: Experimental study of SAMMA's in vitro and in vivo properties. Setting: Academic research laboratories. Patient(s): Healthy volunteers for semen donation in an academic research environment. Intervention(s): Inhibition of sperm function indicators, conception, sexually transmitted infection-causing pathogens (including HIV), and lactobacilli was evaluated. Safety indicators were studied. Main Outcome Measure(s): Quantitation of SAMMA's effect on microbial infectivity or multiplication and on sperm function in vitro; evaluation of contraceptive efficacy in vivo; assessment of safety in vitro and in vivo. Result(s): Mandelic acid condensation polymer is not cytotoxic toward lactobacilli, microbial host cells, and spermatozoa. The compound inhibits hyaluronidase and acrosin, induces sperm acrosomal loss, and is contraceptive in the rabbit model. Mandelic acid condensation polymer prevents infectivity of HIV and herpesviruses 1 and 2 and, to a lesser extent, of Chlamydia trachomatis. It inhibits the multiplication of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Mandelic acid condensation polymer is not mutagenic, has low acute oral toxicity, and is safe in the rabbit vaginal irritation assay. Conclusion(s): Mandelic acid condensation polymer inhibits sperm function, is contraceptive, has broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, and is highly safe. Further development as a microbicide is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1115
Number of pages9
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002


  • Contraception
  • HIV
  • Microbicide
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • Spermatozoa
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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