Twelve tips for teaching implicit bias recognition and management

Cristina M. Gonzalez, Monica L. Lypson, Javeed Sukhera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Implicit biases describe mental associations that affect our actions in an unconscious manner. We can hold certain implicit biases regarding members of certain social groups. Such biases can perpetuate health disparities by widening inequity and decreasing trust in both healthcare and medical education. Despite the widespread discourse about bias in medical education, teaching and learning about the topic should be informed by empirical research and best practice. In this paper, the authors provide a series of twelve tips for teaching implicit bias recognition and management in medical education. Each tip provides a specific and practical strategy that is theoretically and empirically developed through research and evaluation. Ultimately, these twelve tips can assist educators to incorporate implicit bias instruction across the continuum of medical education to improve inequity and advance justice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1368-1373
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2021


  • Clinical
  • clinical skills
  • communication skills
  • instructional design
  • professionalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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