Transition-state analysis of 2-O acetyl-ADP-ribose hydrolysis by human macrodomain 1

Brett M. Hirsch, Emmanuel S. Burgos, Vern L. Schramm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Macrodomains, including the human macrodomain 1 (MacroD1), are erasers of the post-translational modification of monoadenosinediphospho-ribosylation and hydrolytically deacetylate the sirtuin product O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPr). OAADPr has been reported to play a role in cell signaling based on oocyte microinjection studies, and macrodomains affect an array of cell processes including transcription and response to DNA damage. Here, we investigate human MacroD1 by transition-state (TS) analysis based on kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) from isotopically labeled OAADPr substrates. Competitive radiolabeled-isotope effects and mass spectrometry were used to obtain KIE data to yield intrinsic KIE values. Intrinsic KIEs were matched to a quantum chemical structure of the TS that includes the active site residues Asp184 and Asn174 and a structural water molecule. Transition-state analysis supports a concerted mechanism with an early TS involving simultaneous nucleophilic water attack and leaving group bond cleavage where the breaking C-O ester bond = 1.60 A˚ and the C-O bond to the attacking water nucleophile = 2.30 A˚. The MacroD1 TS provides mechanistic understanding of the OAADPr esterase chemistry. (Chemical Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2255-2262
Number of pages8
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 17 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine


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