The Technical and Clinical Implementation of LATTICE Radiation Therapy (LRT)

Xiaodong Wu, Naipy C. Perez, Yi Zheng, Xiaobo Li, Liuqing Jiang, Beatriz E. Amendola, Benhua Xu, Nina A. Mayr, Jiade J. Lu, Georges F. Hatoum, Hualin Zhang, Sha X. Chang, Robert J. Griffin, Chandan Guha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The concept of spatially fractionated radiation therapy (SFRT) was conceived over 100 years ago, first in the form of GRID, which has been applied to clinical practice since its early inception and continued to the present even with markedly improved instrumentation in radiation therapy. LATTICE radiation therapy (LRT) was introduced in 2010 as a conceptual 3D extension of GRID therapy with several uniquely different features. Since 2014, when the first patient was treated, over 150 patients with bulky tumors worldwide have received LRT. Through a brief review of the basic principles and the analysis of the collective clinical experience, a set of technical recommendations and guidelines are proposed for the clinical implementation of LRT. It is to be recognized that the current clinical practice of SFRT (GRID or LRT) is still largely based on the heuristic principles. With advancements in basic biological research and the anticipated clinical trials to systemically assess the efficacy and risk, progressively robust optimizations of the technical parameters are essential for the broader application of SFRT in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-746
Number of pages10
JournalRadiation Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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