The epidemiology of migraine

Richard B. Lipton, Walter F. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


To obtain accurate estimates of migraine prevalence, population-based studies are required. Clinic-based studies include a highly selected group of migraine sufferers. Even in population-based studies, there have been wide variations in estimates of migraine prevalence. A meta-analysis has shown that age, gender and case definition account for 70% of this variance. Recent studies using International Headache Society (IHS) diagnostic criteria have given relatively consistent estimates of migraine prevalence (about 15-18% of women and 6% of men) and indicate that migraine occurs most commonly in men and women aged 25-55 years. Migraine is a heterogeneous condition with a spectrum of severity and associated disability, and it is under-diagnosed worldwide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-11
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Neurology
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


  • Diagnosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Meta-analysis
  • Migraine
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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