Surgical Orbital Anatomy

Shirley Hu, Patrick Colley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this article, the anatomy of the orbit is reviewed, with a specific emphasis on surgical anatomy. A brief discussion of the ocular globe is also included. The orbits are pyramidal structures separating the upper and middle facial skeletons. The walls, apex, and base harbor several foramina and fissures as well as bony irregularities where various ligaments, muscles, and capsules attach. There are a variety of surgical approaches to the orbit, including the traditional transcutaneous and neurosurgical techniques and, more recently, minimally invasive, endoscopic approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Plastic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • globe
  • orbital anatomy
  • surgical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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