Surgical Approaches to Epicardial Left Ventricular Lead Implantation for Biventricular Pacing

Sandhya K. Balaram, Joseph J. DeRose, Jonathan S. Steinberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherBlackwell Futura
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)140517739X, 9781405177399
StatePublished - Feb 3 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Endoscopic approaches to LV lead placement
  • Epicardial leads
  • Left ventricular mapping
  • Open surgical approaches to epicardial lead placement
  • Robotics
  • Thoracoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this