Specific Binding of [3H] phencyclidine in rat central nervous tissue: further characterization and technical considerations

Stephen R. Zukin, Melissa L. Fitz-Syage, Roxanne Nichtenhauser, R. Suzanne Zukin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


The interaction of phencyclidine (PCP) with its specific receptor sites in the central nervous system has been further characterized. Kinetic association and dissociation rate constants of 2.9 × 106 M-1 and 4.8 × 10-1 were determined, yielding a kinetic KD of 1.6 × 10-7 M, in agreement with the KD previously determined at equilibrium. Permissible separation time of 13 s was calculated from the kinetic data, well above the actual separation time of less than 10 s in the rapid filtration assay. Presoaking of filters in 0.01% poly-l-lysine eliminated displacable [3H]PCP adsorption to filter material. Binding data obtained via centrifigation assays was identical to that obtained with the rapid filtration method. Stereospecificity of the PCP receptor was demonstrated by the finding that (+)-ketamine is four-fold more potent than (-)-ketamine in displacing specifically bound [3H]PCP. Several proteolytic enzymes including trypsin, papain and thermolysin potently inactivated PCP receptors. Detailed regional distribution studies showed highest density of PCP receptors in subicular cortex and hippocampus, intermediate levels in hypothalamus, striatum, frontal cortex and cerebellum, lower levels in brainstem and spinal cord, and negligible levels in corpus callosum, a white- matter control area. Benzomorphan opiates with PCP-like behavioral effects interact with the PCP receptor. These data support the pharmacological relevance of the PCP receptor site as demonstrated by the rapid filtration method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalBrain research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 10 1983


  • binding assay
  • opiate
  • phencyclidine
  • receptor
  • sigma opiate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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