Scoring system for differentiating perforated and non-perforated pediatric appendicitis

Einat Blumfield, Daniel Yang, Joshua Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objectives: Appendicitis is the most common indication for emergency pediatric surgery and its most significant complication is perforation. Perforated appendicitis (PA) may be managed conservatively, whereas non-perforated appendicitis (NP) is managed surgically. Recent studies have shown that ultrasound (US) is effective for differentiating between PA and NP, and does not expose pediatric patients to ionizing radiation. The purpose of this study is to enhance the accuracy of differentiation with a novel scoring system based on clinical, laboratory, and US findings. Methods: This retrospective study included 243 patients aged 2–17 years who presented between 2006 and 2013 with surgically proven appendicitis, of whom 60 had perforation. Clinical and laboratory data were collected and US images evaluated by a pediatric radiologist. To create the scoring system, point values were assigned to each parameter. A randomly selected training sample of 137 subjects was used to create a scoring prediction model. The model was tested on the remaining 106 patients. Results: Scores of ≥6, ≥11, and ≥15 yielded specificities of 64, 91, and 99%, and sensitivities of 96, 61, and 29%, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: We have designed a scoring system incorporating clinical, laboratory, and sonographic findings which can differentiate PA from NP with high specificity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-554
Number of pages8
JournalEmergency Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • Appendicitis
  • Clinical decision support
  • Pediatric radiology
  • Perforated appendicitis
  • Scoring system
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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