In recent years, several sickle cell-specific quality indicators have been developed using rigorous approaches. A review of the history and current status of the development of sickle cell-specific indicators highlights opportunities for future refinement. Despite efforts at alignment, lack of strong evidence hinders the adoption of current quality indicators across stakeholder groups. There are many directions in which to take the current existing quality indicators, including expanding to different age groups, aims of care such as safety and equity, and better understanding of contextual and environmental factors.
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